Wisconsin - Referat
Wisconsin is located in the Midwest of the USA and bordered by the Montreal River, Lake Superior and Michigan to the north , by Lake Michigan to the east, by Illinois to the south and by Iowa and Minnesota to the west. The Mississippi River, St. Croix (west) and the Menominee River (northeast) are part of the state’s boundaries.
Its’ major rivers are the Wisconsin River, the Mississippi River, the St. Croix River and the Chippewa River.
The major lakes are the Lake Michigan, the Lake Superior and the Lake Winnebago.
With its location between the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River, Wisconsin is home to a wide variety of geographical features.
Wisconsin is divided into five distinct regions:
North: Lake Superior Lowland
South: The Northern Highland, includes the state’s highest point Timms Hill, massive forests and thousands of small glacial lakes.
Middle: The Central Plain, includes some unique sandstone formations like the Dells of the Wisconsin River in addition to rich farmland.
Southeast: The Eastern Ridges and Lowlands region, is home to many of Wisconsin’s largest cities.
Southwest: The Western Upland, is rugged landscape with a mix of forest and farmland.
1. Some Facts
On May, 29th 1848 Wisconsin became the 30th state of the USA.
State Abbreviation: WI
State Capital: Madison
Largest City: Milwaukee
Major Rivers: Wisconsin River, Mississippi River, St. Croix River and Chippewa River
Major Lakes: Lake Michigan, Lake Superior and Lake Winnebago
Area: 65,503 square miles (ca. 140.787 km²)
Population: 5,472,299 (as of 2003)
Major Industries: dairy products (milk, butter, cheese), farming (corn), machinery, paper manufacturing, beer, tourism
Sister-States: Hessen (Germany), Chiba Prefecture ( Japan), Jalisco (Mexico), Heilongjiang (China) and Nicaragua
Origin of the Name Wisconsin: Wisconsin is from an Indian word, but the origin is uncertain. It is perhaps an English version of a French adaption of an Indian word, that means "long river," a Chippewa/Ojibwa/Anishinabe word, "Ouisconsin," that means "grassy place," or "gathering of the waters".
State Nickname: Badger State
State Motto: "Forward"
State Animal: Badg
Wisconsin was first inhabited by various Indian tribes in the 17th century.
They included the Algonquian-speaking Menominee, Kickpoo, Miami, the Siouan-speaking Winnebago, Dakota (or Sioux) and Iowa. Other groups entered Wisconsin in the mid-1600’s , including the Fox, Sac, Potawatomi and Ojibewa.
In 1634 a Frenchman, Jean Nicolet, came to Wisconsin, as he was searching for a passage to the Orient. When he reached the Green Bay he encountered Winnebago-Indians.
The Dominance of the French ended, when the treaty of Paris was signed in 1763 and they lost all of their territories east of Mississippi to Great Britain.
British occupation of Wisconsin ended in 1783, when Britain signed the treaty ending the American Revolution. Because the U.S. government had no effective control over Wisconsin, it remained under unofficial British control.
The state has got an early mining history, which is reflected by the state mineral, Galena.
Many towns in Wisconsin, like Mineral Point , recall a period in 1820s, 1830s and 1840s, when the state was an important mining state. At one point, Wisconsin produced more than half of the nation’s lead. During the boom Belmont was briefly the state capital.
By the 1840s, the easily accessible deposits were gone and experienced miners were drawn out of Wisconsin by the California Gold Rush. This period of mining led to the development of state’s nickname, the “Badger State”. Many miners lived in the mines in which they worked until adequate above-ground shelters were built and were thus compared to badgers.
Before the mining, the main source of income had been the dealing with fur.
During the New Deal and the Second World War Wisconsin became America’s tool box, because the state had a strong economical basis.
Wisconsin Territory was organized on July 3, 1836, and became the 30th state of the USA on May 29th, 1848.
4.1 State Population:
This stat shows, that the population in Wisconsin has always been growing since 1989.
Population in certain cities in 2004:
· Milwaukee – 583,624 · Madison – 220,332 · Green Bay – 101,100 · Kenosha – 93,798 · Racine – 80,108 · Appleton – 70,293 · Waukesha – 67,258 · Oshkosh – 63,515 · Eau Claire – 62,576 · Janesville – 61,604 · West Allis – 59,508 · La Crosse – 50,695 · Sheboygan – 49,020 · Wauwatosa – 45,602 · Fond du Lac – 42,408 · Brookfield – 39,890 · New Berlin – 38,719 · Wausau – 37,173 · Greenfield – 35,865 · Beloit – 35,803 · Manitowoc – 33,906 · Menomonee Falls – 33,877 · Franklin – 32,405 · Oak Creek – 32,155
4.2 Race and ancestry
The racial makeup of Wisconsin:
· 87.3% White
· 5.7% Black
· 3.6% Hispanic
· 1.7% Asian
· 1.2% Mixed race
· 0.9% Native Americans
There are five large ancestry groups in Wisconsin: German(42.6%), Irish(10.9%), Norwegian(8.5%) and English(6.5%)
6.4% of Wisconsin’s population are under 5, 25.5% under 18 and13.1% are 65 or older.
50.6% of the population are female.
5. German Traditons
There are close connections between Germany and Wisconsin. More than a half of the population in Wisconsin has German ancestors. City names like Berlin, New Berlin, Kiel, New Holstein and Rhinelander point to the origin of their founders.
Especially after the revolution in 1848 many disappointed and persecuted German democrats
came to this part of the USA. The German revolutionary Carl Schurz was one of this Fortyeighters and in 1856 his wife Margarehe Meyer founded the first kindergarden in the USA ( in Watertown).
Even the largest city of the state, Milwaukee, was deeply affected by Germany.
In 1851 there were six German-speaking newspapers in the city, which were called “German Athen”.
Because of the German influence, the city was very progressive in social things. So in 1910, the first socialistic mayor of the USA, Emil Seidel, was elected in Milwaukee.
Even in matter of food, the German immigrants left marks. The big breweries Pabst, Schlitz and Miller contributed to Milwaukee’s reputation as Americans beer capital. Nowadays Bratwurst and sourkraut are very famous. Even McDonalds’s offered bratwurst, but only for a short time.
The Schulz farmstead is one of four
farms that comprise Old World
Wisconsin's German and Polish areas.
It’s really totally crazy, my cousin told me, that there is the largest “Bratwurst fest” of the world in Wisconsin. And when I saw these pictures and stats I realized, how crazy the Americans really are...
The Record Set Memorial Day Weekend May 28- 31, 2004
4 Days-32 Hours-One Tent.
Johnsonville Brats Consumed in 4 days: 189,432
Brat Consumed per minute: 98.7 BPM(Brats Per Minute)
Pepsi Consumed: 14,672 2 Liters
Cups of Pepsi: 118,000 7 oz. cups
Onions Consumed: 1,960 lbs.
Mustard Consumed: 161 Gallons
Ketchup Consumed: 130 Gallons
Relish Consumed: 192 Gallons
Sauerkraut Consumed: 4,082 Lbs.
Napkins Used: 102,000
Propane Gas: 785 Gallons
Brats Sold Since 1983 in Tons: 189 Tons
The Largest Elephant ever recorded: 7.25 Tons
Table of Contents
1. Some Facts
4.1 State Population
4.2 Race and Ancestry
5. German Tradition
7. Letter of confirmation
8. Source Material
The economy of Wisconsin is driven by agriculture, healthcare and manufacturing. Wisconsin is usually recognized primarily as a farming state. The state produces more dairy products than any other state in the USA, except California, and it leads the nation in cheese, butter and milk production. Wisconsin also ranks first in the production of corn for silage, cranberries, potatoes, carrots, tart cherries, maple syrup and sweet corn for processing.
Milwaukee is a major producer of beer.
In addition to food processing, Wisconsin is home to several transportation equipment and machinery manufacturers.
The Badger state also ranks first nationwide in the production of paper products.
Healthcare is a growing sector of the economy.
Tourism is also a major industry in Wisconsin.
7. Letter of Confirmation
With this confirmation, I ensure, that I have done this work on my own, with the help of the named references.
8. Source Material
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