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Winston Churchill - Referat



Sir Winston Churchill

Winston Churchill was born on November 30th 1874 near Oxford as the son of the conservative politician Lord Randolph Spencer Churchill.
After finishing school Winston Churchill visited the Royal Military Academy in Sandhurst.
At the age of 21 Churchill participated as a lieutenant in the cavalry in military campaigns on Cuba, in India and in the Sudan.
In 1899 and 1900 he was acting as a war correspondent in the Boer War where he was taken prisoner.
His escape made him famous all over Britain.
After he returned to Britain his political career started.
He was a member of the Conservative Party, later of the Liberal Party and back again of the Conservative Party.
Churchill took a leading part in laying the foundations of the welfare in Britain, preparing the Royal Navy for World War One and in setting the political boundaries in the Middle East after the war.
He served as Prime Minister from 1940 – 1945 and from 1951 – 1955.
He is celebrated for his leadership during the Second World War.
In February 1945, Churchill attended the Jalta Conference.
Here he met Roosevelt and Stalin.
The three leaders discussed military operations as well as the post war settlement of Europe.
Churchill is also famous for many books about the British history and politics.
In 1953 he received the Nobel Price for literature.
In the same year he was honoured as a knight.
From now on his name is Sir Winston Churchill.
He died on January 24th, 1965 at the age of 90 and was buried at Bladon near Blenheim Palace, his birthplace.

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Sir Winston Churchill


1874:
Born on November, 30th as son of the conservative politician Lord Randolph Spencer Churchill near Oxford
1893- 1895:
Visits Royal Military Academy Sandhurst
1895-1899:
Lieutenant in the cavalry, in military campaigns on Cuba, in India and in the Sudan
1899/1900:
War correspondent in the Boer War; is
taken prisoner, escape makes him famous all over Britain
1900:
Member of the Conservative Party
1904:
Move to the Liberal Party; engaged for social reformation
1906:
Permanent secretary responsible for the colonies
1908-1910:
Responsible Minister of Commerce
1910/1911:
Minister of Interior
1911-1915:
Preparing the Royal Navy for World War One
1915:
Enters the army as an officer
1916:
Return as a member of parliament
1917/18:
Minister of Ammunition
1918-1921:
War and Aviation Minister
1921/1922:
Minister responsible for the colonies
1924:
Return to the Conservative Party
1924-1929:
Chancellor of Treasury
1929-1939:
Not active in policy; devotes on historical essays; warns against the danger of National socialist regimes
1939:
First Lord of Admiralty
1940:
Prime Minister and Minister of Defence; Leader of the Conservative Party;
Initiator of the Great Alliance
1941:
Publish of the Atlanticcharta
1945:
Potsdamer Conference; Not longer Prime Minister
1951-1955:
Again Prime Minister; Setting political boundaries in the Middle-East conflict
1953:
Painter and writer; famous book: “The Second World War” (1948-1953);
Receives the Nobel Prize; is titled “Sir”
1956:
Receives the international Karlspreis of the city Aachen
1963:
The American congress appoints Churchill as an honorary citizen of the USA.
1965:
Dies on January, 24th in London; buried on the family cemetery in Bladon near Blenheim Palace, Oxfordshire.





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