The passive - Referat
I was teased a lot by other kids.
(was/were + past participle)
[verb+ -ed/3rd form of irregular verbs]
Spanish is spoken most places they
in present perfect:
After they have been planted
the strawberry plants will be protected
before they can be grown
the fields must be prepart
of verbs with two objects:
that farmer gave them their first jobs
Subject indirect object direct object
→ They were given their first jobs by that farmer.
Das Passiv wird verwendet:
- um hervorzuheben (emphasize):
wenn der Handelnde (doer) wichtig ist, benutzen wir das by-Objekt.
→ The washing-up is always done by Dad.
→ The window was broken by Tom. (not by me!)
- für Zusatzinformationen (further information):
→ The clothes are made by hand.
→ This bird can be seen only in the South of Africa.
Ist der Handelnde (das Subjekt) nicht bekannt oder nicht wichtig, brauchen wir kein by-Objekt:
→ Many school things were stolen.
→ Bikes are stolen nearly daily.
→ Cigarettes are smoked all over the world.
wenn das Subjekt somebody, people, nobody, they, … ist.
→ They speak English all over the world.
→ English is spoken all over the world.
→ Somebody helped her.
→ She was helped.
Präpositionen nicht vergessen!
→ They looked for the baby.
→ The baby was looked for.
→ People shouted at the man.
→ The man was shouted at.
→ Nobody slept in this bed last night.
→ This bed wasn’t slept in last night.
→ She cares for her old parents.
→ Her old parents are cared for by her.
→ You must work for your success.
→ Your success must be worked for.
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