The British Political System - Referat
Thesis paper: The British Political System
Britainís political system consists of the Monarch, the Government, the Houses of Parliament, and the Electorates.
The Monarch is the head of the political system and also of the Church of England. He does not have direct political power.
The Government consists of the Prime Minister, who is the head of it, the Cabinet, that is a selection of about 20 ministers, and the Non-Cabinet Ministers.
The Houses of Parliament are the House of Commons, that has 650 seats, 524 of them belong to England, 38 to Wales, 72 to Scotland, and 17 to Northern Ireland, and the House of Lords.
The Electorates are all men and women over age 18. Elections take place every five years.
The seating plan for the House of Commons:
The Speakerís place
The benches for the Government
The benches for the Opposites
The MPís (Members of Parliament) demonstrate their votes. That means they go into another room where they are counted: Aye Lobby or No Lobby.
Everybody who wants to speak can do so. There is no speakerís list or entitlement, whoever wants to speak just has to catch eye contact with the speaker.
The House of Lords consists all hereditary peers who wish to attend.
Britain is a Constitutional Monarchy without a written Constitution. There are three main parties: Conservative Party, Labour Party, Liberal Democrats, and several smaller ones.
The main functions of the Parliament are
- to pass laws
- to control government policy
- to debate the controversial political types of the day
The MPís work really hard and very long. For some people the day starts at about 7:30 am and ends after midnight! They care about so many things but do not even have their own office. Most of them just have little desks in the corridor. Some of the jobs a MP has are:
- constituency problems
- guiding people like constituents from schools or local organisations
- spending time with the General Manager of special groups the MPís attend
- in the evenings: all- party group meeting to discuss problems like social services, changes in taxation, pensionersí problems, social security difficulties, betterment of hostels, and alterations in lawsÖ
adversary system: stand-up fight between two opponents for the favour of the lookers-on
first-past-the-post system: the person with the most votes prevails the seat
hereditary peers: people who are aristocratic because of their bloodlines
gentry: lower nobility
Glorious Revolution: was a bloodless revolution against Catholicism and arbitrary government in 1688/1689
Declaration of Rights: 1689, a constitution that guaranteed the supremacy of Parliament
Whips: functionaries that are appointed to ensure that party members vote
Constituency: town or district that sends a representative to Parliament
Suffrage: the right to vote in national elections
Supremacy: a position in which you have more power
Court of appeal: Berufungsgericht
Agenda: a list of items to be discussed at a meeting
Ballot: system of secret voting
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