Sigths in East America - Referat
Sights in the east of USA
Statue of liberty:
In the year 1876 Frederic Auguste Bartholdi became the assign, to sketch a sculpture.
The buldingworks began about 1884-1886 in France by the ingenur Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (designer of the Eiffel Tower). The Statue of Liberty was a gift of friendship from the people of France to the people of the United States. It is one of the symbols of political freedom.
The Satue of liberty stands on the island Liberty Island in New Jersey. The Satue of liberty is about 305 feet high (93m)and it weights over 27.000 tons .Visitors climb 354 steps to reach the crown or 192 steps in order to reach the top of the pedestal. In the crown there are 25 windows which symbolize 25 gemstones found on the earth. The Statue's crown has seven rays that represents the seven seas and continents of the world. The tablet which the Statue holds in her left hand reads (in Roman numerals) "July 4th, 1776. On that the day the American became signed the declaration of independence. 1996 the Satue of liberty get restored. The Satue of liberty is a very popular statue .
The Brooklyn Bridge belongs to the most well-known bridges of the world and it is an enormous building project. It connects Manhattan and Brooklyn . The bridge constructor was John Augustus Roebling. The length of the bridge is 5,989 feet (530 m) and under it flows the well-known East River . Bridge opened to public on May 24, 1883 and the Brooklyn Bridge is Brooklyn's most beloved tourist attraction as well as the connection between Brooklyn and Manhattan for over 140,000 vehicles daily.
The Washington Monument:
The Washington Obelisk consists of white marble. The architect was Robert Mills who designed 1838 the form of an Egyptian obelisk. It rises more than 550 feet(168 m) above the city, is the largest masonry structure in the world and it stands on small hill.. The Washington monument was established between 1848 and 1884 as monument to George Washington, first president of the United States.
The Lincoln Memorial:
The building (architect: Henry Beacon) was constructed in the style of a classical greek temple with 36 columns one for each state at the time of Lincolnís death. Construction for the memorial began in 1914, but it did not open to the public until 1922. The building is 204 feet long, 134 feet wide, 99 feet high.The columns each of it is 44 feet tall.
The sculpture of Lincoln was designed by Daniel Chester French and it is in the center of the memorial chamber. The sculpture is 19 feet (6m)tall, it weights 175 tons and was carved out of 28 blocks of white Georgia marble.
The Jefferson Memorial is a Monument that consists of white marble. The structure was a circular dome based on the architecture from Rom and it was built in 1936. The Jefferson Memorial was built in honours of Thomas Jefferson to his two-hundredth birthday. The design for the building made John Russell Pope. In the mittle from the Jefferson Memorial stands on a 6 feet pedestal the 19 feet (6m) high bronze statue from Thomas Jefferson .
The Old Stone House:
It is the oldest house in Washington D.C, is a simple 18th century dwelling built. and it was built 1765. The old stone house was George Washington's technical headquarter, but that could not be proven.
The Smithsonian Institution:
The Smithsonian institution was created 1846. The Smithsonian mechanisms consists of 16 museums and galleries it belonged still to the national zoo and many research in the USA. Nine Smithsonian museums are on that national Mall between the Washington Monument and the Capitol. Five other museums and the zoo are distributed in Washington.
US Supreme Court:
The supreme Court is the highest court in the USA, it hears and decides cases during "Terms" that always start on the first Monday of October and continue until June or July of each year. At the same time are the decisive judicial force and guard over the constitutional liberty. Each Term is divided into alternating two-week periods during which the Court is either "sitting," or "recessed." While the Court is sitting, the Justices actually hear arguments and deliver opinions. While recessed, the Justices consider the cases argued before them and write their opinions.Each week, the Justices must also examine as many as 130 new petitions asking the Court to review the judgments of state and federal courts. After reading both the petitions and records of the lower courts, the Justices decide which cases will be heard by the Supreme Court with oral arguments by attorneys. Approximately 7,000 petitions are filed with the Court in the course of a Term.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Franklin Delano Roosevelt was born January 30, 1882, at his family's estate in Hyde Park, New York. He was president during two serious crises of the twentieth century the World War II (1939-45). He was the only president elected more than twice.
Ford's Theatre National Historic Site:
Ford's Theatre is a live, working theatre located in downtown Washington, DC. It is a living tribute to President Lincoln's love of the performing arts. Ford's theatre was the place of the murder of President Abraham Lincoln in the night from 14 April 1865 as he was attending a performance at Fords Theatre., The theatre had been originally established in the year 1833 as the first Baptisten church. Here is also Lincoln the museum as well as the Petersen House.
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum:
United States Holocaust Memorial museum is a monument for the millions humans, who were murdered during the Holocaust under the Nazi regime in Germany. The history of the Holocaust is told here by films and photos.
Vietnam Veterans Memorial:
The Vietnam Veterans Memorial is a national memorial located in Washington D.C that honors members of the U.S. armed forces who served in the Vietnam War. The Memorial consists of three parts ó the Three Soldiers statue, the Vietnam Women's Memorial, and the Vietnam Veterans Memorial Wall. The wall is made of two black granite walls about 250 feet (75 m) long. Inscribed are the names of those who died there are 58,245 names.
John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts:
The Kennedy Center is Americaís living memorial to President Kennedy. The Center opened its doors on September 8, 1971 The Center reaches millions of people every year through its television programs. It presents variety of theater and musicals, dance and ballet, orchestral, chamber, jazz, popular, and folk music, and multi-media performances for all ages.
U.S. Navy Memorial:
T he United States Navy Memorial Foundation, founded in 1977, honors all who have served in the sea. The Navy Memorial offers profile of a 100-foot (30m) diameter amphitheater and plaza, whose deck is a granite map of the world, surrounded by fountains and pools. The center piece forms a granitplatte with in the diameter, which represents a map of the world. In the Navy Memorial are shown nautical videos.
Arlington Cemetery und Arlington House:
The Memorial Amphitheater was the dream of Judge Ivory G. Kimball, who wished to have a place to assemble and honor the American defenders. Judge Kimball participated in the ground-breaking ceremony March 1, 1915, but did not live to see his dream completed. Kimball died May 15, 1916. The Memorial Amphitheater at Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington was dedicated on May 15, 1920
The cemetery is the national most important of the country
The US Capitol Building:
Beside the senate also the house of representatives is here accommodated, however not so comfortably, as it is made for the senators. A private desk is hold ready for each senator here. The United States Capitol is among the most symbolically important and architecturally impressive buildings in the nation. The Capitol, which was started in 1793, has been through many construction phases. It stands today as a monument to the American people and their government. The Capitol is located on Capitol Hill at the east end of the National Mall.
Construction on the President's House began in 1792 in Washington, D.C.The White House is the most recognized building in America. Since it was first constructed 200 years ago, the basic form and use of the structure have remained the same. Although many technological changes have occurred, and wings and porches have been added, the White House looks much as it did in November 1800 when President John Adams (1797-1801) first moved in. Because the building has kept its form the image of the Presidentís House has remained constant for two centuries. The White House has come to symbolize the presidency and American leadership here in the United States and around the world.
New York: Statue of liberty <, Brooklyn Bridge
Washington DC: The Washington Monument<The Lincoln Memorial
Jefferson Memorial< The Old Stone House <TheSmithsonia Institution
US Supreme Court< FD Roosevelt < Ford's Theatre National Historic Site
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum< Vietnam Veterans Memorial< John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts< U.S. Navy Memorial
Arlington Cemetery und Arlington House< The US Capitol Building< White House
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