Plimoth Plantation - Referat
Plimoth Plantation is a living museum in Plymouth, Massachusetts Which is about 40 miles southeast of Boston.Plimoth Plantation is spelled differently because it is named in the traditional speak of the English colonists at the time of Plimoth Plantation's founding. According to Plimoth Plantation's website, "Plimoth Plantation is a not-for-profit museum supported by admissions, contributions, grants and generous volunteers."
Founded in 1620, Plymouth is best known as the first English settler’s colony, established by the Pilgrims, who came from England on a hard and arduous journey upon the Mayflower. Plymouth is the largest and oldest municipality in New England and one of the oldest in the America. It has been continually inhabited since its beginnings in 1620, which makes it the oldest inhabited English settlement in the United States. The colony dissolved itself in 1691, but the town remained. The Plymouth Plantation recreates 17th century life in the New World. It is a live history exhibit and is designed much as it had been in the 1600s. Town folk and the Wampanoag Indians in period costumes carry out tasks from the time such as cultivation, processing of wild and domesticated plants and animals, house construction, crafts, and socializing. Visitors can walk amongst the buildings and fort and explore life as it was for the Pilgrims and Wampanoag.
Talking to the Pilgrims is great fun. They're actors who, in speech, dress, and manner, assume the personalities of members of the original community. You can watch them framing a house, splitting wood, shearing sheep, preserving foodstuffs, or cooking a pot of fish stew over an open hearth, all as it was done in the 1600s, and using only the tools and cookware available then. Sometimes you can join the activities -- perhaps planting, harvesting, witnessing a trial, or visiting a wedding party. Wear comfortable shoes, because you'll be walking a lot.
The Mayflower II is a full-scale reproduction of the type of ship that brought the Pilgrims from England to America in 1620. The original Mayflower that sailed to Plymouth in 1620 no longer exists. Plimoth Plantation's full-scale reproduction, Mayflower II, was built in Devon, England and crossed the Atlantic in 1957, the details of the ship have been carefully recreated. On board, you may also meet role players in period costume who will share their personal accounts of shipboard life, as they play the part of sailors or Mayflower passengers
Only 52 people survived the first year in Plymouth. When Mayflower left Plymouth on April 5, 1621, she was sailed back to England by only half of her crew.
The pilgrims left England in 1609 so that they could practice the religion they chose. An English law, the 1559 Act of Uniformity, demanded that all British citizens attend services and follow the traditions of the Church of England. At first the pilgrims and Puritans moved to Holland. Here they enjoyed religious freedom, but they had to learn the Dutch language and their children began observing Dutch traditions. After some time in Holland, they decided they wanted to move to a country that spoke English and that would let them practice any religion they wanted. The only place they could do this was in a brand new place. The Pilgrims decided they would travel to the "New World." They went back to England in 1620 to set sail on the Mayflower.
The 17th-Century English Village is a re-creation of the small farming and maritime community built by the Pilgrims* along the shore of Plymouth Harbor. In the Village, the year is 1627, just seven years after the arrival of Mayflower. The Museum selected this year for re-creation because it is well-documented in the historical sources and shows the plantation (a word that was used interchangeably with the word “colony” in the 1600s) just before the colonists began to disperse beyond the walled town and into other parts of what would become southeastern Massachusetts. The English Village brings colonial Plymouth vividly to life. Here, you will find modest timber-framed houses furnished with reproductions of the types of objects that the Pilgrims owned, aromatic kitchen gardens, and heritage breeds livestock. Engaging townspeople are eager to tell you about their new lives in Plymouth Colony. The people you meet are costumed role players portraying actual residents of Plymouth Colony. They have adopted the names, viewpoints and life histories of the people who lived and worked in the Colony in 1627. Each has a unique story to tell. Ask about religious beliefs, education and child rearing, relations with Native People, gardens, cooking, or any topic of interest to you. Or simply rest on a bench and enjoy the unique atmosphere of 17th-century Plymouth Colony. Your visit to the year 1627 is self-guided, so please explore the Village at your own pace. Feel free to walk in on the Pilgrims as they eat dinner, join a lively conversation in the street, or participate in hands-on activities that vary with the season and time of day. In addition to our role players, you may also encounter Museum Guides who speak from a modern perspective and can give you additional background on life in the 1600s and how the Museum accurately re-creates this world.
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