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New York City - Referat

N e w Y o r k C i t y

The big Apple -
The City that never sleeps -
- The City So Nice: They name it twice -

General Facts
- amazing, beautiful metropole
- most populous city in the USA
- has been the largest one since 1970
- located in the Northeastern US, in the southeastern New York State
- Hudson River helped the city grow in importance as a trading city
- East River, Harlem River

- over 8.2 million residents living within an area of 830 km²
=> most populated city in the US
- This amounts also about 40% of New York State's population
- 36% of its population was born outside the US
- melting pot (many different ethnic groups live together: Puerto Ricans, Italians, West Indians, Dominicans and Chinese, Irish)
- no single country or region of origin dominates
- most immigrants nowadays are from China, the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Colombia, Russia, Ecuador
- the NY metropolitan area is home to the largest Jewish community outside Israel
- with its huge metropolitan area, it's among the largest urban areas in the world
- nearly 170 languages are spoken

- major centre of commerce and finance
- Wall Street locates the New York Stock Exchange
- so important: televison and film industry (second largest in the country after Hollywood), creative industries such as new media, advertising, design and architecture; bioscience, software development, medical reasearch and technology
- global influence in media, politics, education, entertainment, art and fashion
- tourism is also very improtant to NYC
- with about 40 million foreign and American tourists visiting the city each year
- 24-hour subway

- 5 boroughs: Manhattan, Queens, Bronx, Brooklyn, Staten Island
- Manhattan is built with a geometrical pattern, so you can find easily your way
- NYC has a high degree of income disparity
- you can say that NY became one of the safest cities in the US
- lowest crime rate of among the 25 largest US cities


- before New York was settled by European, the region was inhabited by about 5,000 Native Americans (called Lenape)
- 1524 the Italian explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano discovered it in the service of the French crown
- 1624 white people settled => Nieuw Amsterdam
- 1626 General Peter Minuit (Dutch colonial director)buys Manhattan for 24$ worth of glass beads => first major
- 1664 the English conquered the city and renamed it New York
- the population of the Native Americans was diminished to only 200
- NY grew as a trading port while under British rule
- 1776 Declaration of Independence => the British left NY
- slaves has been held during the 1830s NY became a center of interracial
abolitionist activism in the North
- 1886 Statue of Liberty is dedicated
- while the development of the city NY was destroyed by many terrible fires
- 1892 – 1954 17 mio emigrants arrive
- 11.9.2001 Twin Towers of the World Trade Centre fall in, nearly 3000 lives are lost
- the Freedom Tower will be built on the site and will be finished in 2012
- also in 2001 Michael Bloomberg was elected as major,
- he was a former Democrat and current independent as a Republican
- reelected in 2005


Statue of Liberty
- greeted millions of immigrants as they came to America in the late 19th and the early 20th centuries (at Ellis Island)
- called „Miss Liberty“ or „Lady Liberty“
- stands on Liberty Island
- the statue has a height of 46.5 metres without base
in her left hand she holds a board with the inscription 4th July, 1776 (American Independence-day)
- decorated with a crown of seven rays that symbolize the seven seas

Empire State Buliding
- rises 381 metres in the sky
- about 3.5 million people visit the fantastic viewplatform every year

Parks: NYC has over 113 km² of parkland and 22km of public beaches
most popular one:
Central Park in Manhattan
- most visited city park in the US with 30 million visitors each year
- 4 km long and called the „Green lung of NY“
- the New Yorkers use their favourite place for jogging, inline-skating, sports like baseball or only to go for a walk
Prospect Park in Brooklyn and the Meadows-Corona Park in Queens

- one of the famoust streets in the world
- 20 km long

Wall Street
- with the famous bull
- has been a dominant global financial center since World War II
- is home to the New York Stock Exchange

Other Sights:

Metropolitan Museum of Arts, American Museum of Natural History, Guggenheim Museum
Rockefeller Center
Times Square
Bronx Zoo
Brooklyn Bridge
Litte Italy
Chrysler Building
Trump Tower
luxury shopping along Fifth and Madison Avenues

- biggest shopping store in the world
- escalator made of wood, stairmoving
- slogan: „If you haven't seen Macy’s you haven't seen New York!“
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