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London - 12.Version - Referat



Sights

Big Ben:
Big Ben is the big bell in the tower that belongs to the Houses of Parliaments. The diameter of the face is 8 metres. The clock tower has a high of 97 metres.

The Tower of London:
A long time ago it was a prison and today itís a museum and there are the Crown Jewels. The people feed the ravens that fly around the tower because they are a sign of the Tower. Queen Elizabeth l sat in the White Tower of the Tower of London.

Tower Bridge:
Itís a bridge across the Thames (75km) and at the top of the Tower Bridge is a museum. When big ships want to cross the bridge opens in the middle. The Tower Bridge was built from 1886-1894.The Towers are 66metres high.

Westminster Abbey:
In this cathedral the new kings and queens are crowned. There are two high towers and beautiful windows. Itís a gothic cathedral.

St. Paulís Cathedral:
Sir Christopher Wren built this cathedral in 1610. It was destroyed by soldiers in 1650 and the rest of the cathedral burned down because of the big fire in London 1666 and was rebuilt 1676.



London traditions

London is full of culture and traditions which have been around for hundreds of years. British customs and traditions are famous all over the world. When people think of London they often think of people drinking tea, eating fish and chips and wearing bowler hats, but there is more to London than just those things. They have English and British traditions of sport, music, food and many royal occasions.
- Christmas Day
In Britain, Christmas Day is normally spent at home, with the family, and it is regarded as a celebration of the family and its continuity. Preparations start well in advance, with the sending of Christmas cards and installation of a decorated Christmas tree in a prominent place in the home. Although it is now a firmly established tradition, the Christmas tree was first popularised by Queen Victoriaís husband, Prince Albert, who introduced the custom from his native Germany in 1840.Some houses are decorated with evergreens (plants which do not lose their leaves in winter)
- New Year

New Year is often launched with a party - either at home with family and friends or a gathering in the local pubs and clubs. Merrymaking begins on New Yearís Eve and builds up to midnight. The stroke of midnight is the cue for much cheering, hooting, whistling, kissing and the drinking of toasts.

-Englandís Costume

The most well-known folk costumes are those of the Morris dancers. They can be seen in many country villages during the summer months performing folk dances that once held ritualistic and magical meanings associated with the awakening of the earth.
/> The costume varies from team to team, but basically consists of white trousers, a white shirt, a pad of bells worn around the calf of the leg, and a hat made of felt or straw, decorated with ribbons and flowers.


The Royal Family


The royal family lives in the Buckingham Palace.

Queen Elizabeth was born in 1533. She was in prison and was released because she was crowned to queen.

Queen Elizabeth ll was born 1926 and she is the oldest daughter of George lV.

Prince Charles, the Prince of Wales, was born 1948.

Duke Philip, the duke of Edinburgh, was born 1921.

Princess Diana, the princess of Wales, was born 1961 and she died in an accident in 1997.

Prince William is the son of Diana and Charles.

Prince Harry is Williamís brother.



Facts about London
London has about 7million inhabitants and an area of 1580 square kilometres. Its the capital of the United Kingdom, the climate is mild and damp and the weather is generally cloudy and foggy. London is situated in the southeast of England. The river Thames flows trough London. In the southern part of London there are lots of factories, warehouses, shops and small private houses. In the northern part are all the important buildings. Flag of London More than 20 bridges are built over the river Thames. The queen of England lives in London, to be exactly in Buckingham Palace. Her name is Queen Elizabeth the second.
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Food
London is one of the most International cities in the world, you can find restaurants of just about every culture in the world. Typical English food is Fish and chips, but it is not the best food, but cheap. Fish & chips Roast beef and Yorkshire pudding is typical too and nice.

Here are the best 5 dishes people in London eat:
1. Fish and chips
2. Yorkshire pudding
3. Pies
4. Scones
5. Sandwiches Yorkshire Pudding




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