La Marseillaise - Referat
Allons enfants de la patrie,
le jour de gloire est arrivé …
Arise children of fatherland
The day of glory has arrived
These are the two first lines of the very famous song La Marseillaise, the national anthem of France. But do you know when it was originated? And why? Do you know for what it was used first? I’m going to tell you something about the history, the content and the arrangement of La Marseillaise.
After France declared war to Austria and Prussia it needed a marching song. Baron de Dietrich asked the army engineer Claude-Joseph Rouget de Lisle to write one on April 25th 1792. He did it and he called it the Chant de guerre pour l’armée du Rhin - war song for the Rhine army, named in honour of the garrison to which he belonged. The song was published under the name Chant de guerre aux armées des frontières - Border armies’ war song. When the revolutionaries went into the capital, on July 30th 1792, they sang the song with such fervour, that the Parisians named it La Marseillaise, because most of them came from Marseille.
It was declared a national song on July 14th 1795 but directly after that it was forbidden under the Empire. In the revolution in July of 1830 the song was reinstated and Hector Berlioz overworked it. It became the national anthem under the Third republic in 1879. The Ministry of War adopted an official version, after he discussed it with a special commission, in 1887. It is written down in article 2 of the French Constitution. It says La Marseillaise is the national anthem of France.
La Marseillaise calls to revolt against the monarchy.It is aggressive and it says that much blood will flow. These are the first verse and the chorus:
The modern Marseillaise is divided up into seven verses and one chorus. However at national events, sporting meetings and other occasions when it is played, only the first verse and the chorus are sung. Most French people only know this part of their national anthem. Today it is played a bit slower than in the original version of 1887.
I think there are not many countries which have such an exciting history of their national anthem. My opinion is that it is a nice song and it is easily remembered, because of its melody and rhythm.
1. Why is "La Marseillaise" called "La Marseillaise"?
When the revolutionaries came into Paris they sang "La Marseillaise" with
such fervour that the Parisians called the song "La Marseillaise", because
most of them came from Marseille.
2. Which part of the song is sung at official events?
Only the first verse and the chorus are sung at official events.
3. For what was "La Marseillaise" needed first?
It was needed as a marching song for the French army. They needed it,
because they declared war to Austria and Prussia.
Vocabulary: arrangement = Aufbau; Prussia = Preußen; honour = Ehre; garrison = Standort; fervour = Leidenschaft; reinstate = wiedereinführen; overwork = überarbeiten; adopt = annehmen, anerkennen
Dieses Referat wurde eingesandt vom User: G-Town Playa
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