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Irland - 4.Version - Referat



The Flag is made up of the colours green, white and orange.
The green stands for the Catholics of Ireland, the orange for the Protestants and white for peace between both.
Facts:
seperated into two parts → Northern Ireland and Ireland
Ireland is an independent country and called Republic off Ireland
became part of UK in 1801
capital: Dublin
There are over 4.75 million people living in Ireland
is 70.283 square km big
surrounded by Atlantic Ocean, Irish Sea
In Ireland the longest River is the Shannon, it starts in Leitrim and finished in a city who also called Shannon near Limerick and than the river goes into the Atlantic Ocean
The official languages are Irish an Englisch
The green Island in is famous for it beautiful scenery and the wild sea with the world-famous cliffs and lonely beaches
In the winter the weather is like here in Germany.

History

The history of Ireland is sad. At the first half in the 1900s was Ireland one of the country with the biggest population with around 6.8million peoples.
The dead and the dying were everywhere. Between 1845 and 1849 about one million people died of hunger or diseases
Between 1840 and 1940 six million people left Ireland
. A very important day in the history of the divided Ireland is Good Friday in the year 1998.
In Ireland the civil war between Catholic and Protestant destroys the peaceful atmosphere. This religious and political war lasted 30 years. Good Friday is a catholic and national holiday, which is called Karfreitag in german and it is a national holiday in Germany too
A lot of companies have started business in Ireland, and new buildings are opening all the time. Today Ireland is the largest European exporter of†software†and computers.

Sports played in Ireland
Rugby is a very popular sport in Ireland, which I guess you all have at least heard of. But there are other typical Irish sports, which you probably donít know yet
They all
belong to the GAA, the Gaelic Athletic Association, that was founded in 1884, the time when Ireland belonged to the British.
The first and most popular one is Gaelic Football
Gaelic Football is played on a pitch by 2 teams of 15 players each with a round ball, similar to a football. There is a goal on each side of the pitch, but it doesnít have a net, only two goal posts with a crossbar (Hšnde). If the ball is kicked over the crossbar, the team gets 1 point, and for a goal under the crossbar 3 points.
The next sport is hurling
The rules are basically the same as in Gaelic football, but itís played with sticks, which are over 1m long and with a small hard leather ball. You have to run with the ball on the end of your stick
The last is Camogie
Itís the same as hurling, but for women
The biggest GAA stadium is Croke Park in Dublin, which holds 83000 people.



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