Irelands Culture - Referat
My talk is about Irelandís Culture.
Iíll start with the Celts Ė the origin of Ireland..
Thereís a celtic annual cycle which includes 8 celebrations but there are also people who are sure that there are only 4 celebrations. If there were 8, then there would be 4 celebrations of the sun and 4 celebrations of fire. But itís really sure that at least 4 original celtic ones exist. But if the 4 additional celebrations exist is not yet clarified.
The original celebrations are the celebratioons of fire, also called high-celebrations. The high celebrations are Samhain (Ssauen), Imbolc (Imbolk), Beltaine (Biaultana) and Lughnasadh (Lunassa).
And now Iím gonna say something about Irish holidays and their meanings.
March 17th is celebrated as Saint Patrickís day in entire Ireland. St. Patrickís day is traced back to the Roman, called Saint Patrick, who was a captive of the French but he brought Ireland into being evolved itself a Christian.
The next holiday is Easter Monday and also the first Monday in may.
On december 25th celebrate the Irish Christmas and one day later, on december 26th, is St. Stephen day celebrated in the Republic of Ireland. Some of these are first Monday in of june, first Monday of august and last Monday of October.
And there are 2 holidays that are only celebrated in Northern Ireland. Theyíre the last Monday of may and june 12th which is called Orangemanís day. Thatís the celebration on the occasion of Protestantsí victory of the battle of the Boyne.
But more characteristic for Ireland is Gaelic,
An old original spoken language of the Celts.
Gaelic is closely related to Scottish Gaelic. But the influence toned down in the 19th century when the english language appeared. In elementary schools the kids are taught Gaelic, sometimes there are even schools that tech only in Gaelic. But anyway only 3 or 4 per cent of the population still speaks Gaelic.
Now Iíll show you a few Gaelic words with their meanings:
FŠilte (fšulte) Wilkommen
Dia duit (deea gwit) Guten Tag
SlŠn agat (slawn agutt) Auf Wiedersehen
Go raibh maith agat(goh rev mahagutt)DankeschŲn
TŠ (shaw) ja
NŪlhíeea (niha) nein
Now Iím gonna tell you something about the Irish cuisine.
Of course is the principal meal in Ireland lunch although black gold, a Guinness, could be a meal in itself. The Irish cuisine is mainlybased around meat. Popular are also Irish breads and scones; other traditional dishes consist of bacon and cabbage or a cake-like bread called barm brank and a filled pancake, called boxty.
The Irish mainly drink Guinness, the national beer, and tea with milk. There also is Irish Coffee which is a mixture of coffee, whiskey, brown sugar and whipped cream. But Irish coffe isnít an Irish tradtition because itís mainly offered only in touristic hotels and restaurants. But a few Irish drink it, too.
Okay, letís talk about the music and the Pubs.
Pubs can be found all over Ireland There is one in every street corner. And that has a reason because Pubs are plainly the main meeting playe of the Irish although smoking is not permitted in any Pub. There people can meet their friends to drink a Guinness or to watch a Rugby- or Footballgame. As the play music in every Pub weíve reached our next topic.
Music is the backbone of irish Culture.
Irish music is famous for its fast rythm, which is combined with cheerful tunes. Most songs are Reels, which are accompanied by violines, goatskin drums, flutes and Tin-Whistles.
Anyway, Ireland is also famous for its music celebrities. This music ranges from The Corrs over Eny to U2.
And last but not least Iíll tell you something about traditional Irish sports.
Sports plays an important role in Ireland, too. Traditonal Irish sports are Hurling and Gaelic Football.
Let me first talk about Hurling which is known as the hardest sport in the world. When playing Hurling, the ball, which is called sliotar (slither), is hit with a wooden batter, the so-called hurley.The players run with unbelievable speed after the ball in order to hit it over the bar of the competitorís goal or in the goal between two tall poles. They get 3 points if the ball lands under the bar or 1 point for hitting it over the bar.
And now Iíll tell you something about Gaelic Football. There is a big difference between Gaelic Football and the usual Football we know. For playing Gaelic Football, players are allowed to use their hands and thatís why they wear gloves. Both teams have 15 players each, which battle for getting the ball. The Scoring System is the same as for Hurling.
(Anm.: Anschauungsmaterial wŁrde sich bei diesem Referat gut eignen.^^)
Dieses Referat wurde eingesandt vom User: Mai-Youko
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