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Immigration to the US - Referat


• The first European immigrants in American history came from England and the Netherlands in the 16th centuary
> They were attracted by reports of great economic opportunities and religious and political freedom
> Some even left their home country because of adventuresomeness

Ellis Island (1892 to 1954):
• Upper New York Bay
• 1892 The Immigration Service in Castle Garden in Lower Manhattan couldn’t handle the huge Immigration Rush, so it were misplaced to Ellis Island, which had advantage of being situated right in front of NY instead of on the waterfront
• Till 1947, 20 Million Immigrants entered the US across the new IS on Ellis Island
> but then, due to the decreasing immigration numbers the station was closed in 1954
• 1990, after an eight-year-old renovation Ellis Island was opened as a historical museum

Illegal Immigrants:
• The U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS) guess that about 5 million people are living in the United States without permission, and the number is growing by about 275,000 a year
• the population believes that illegal immigrants take jobs from citizens, especially from young people
• In the American history there had been an exception law to decrease this number of illegal Immigrants
> 1986 Congress revised an immigration law to deal with illegal immigrants
> Many of those who had been in the country since 1982 became eligible to apply for legal residency that would eventually permit them to stay in the country permanently
> Result: In 1990, nearly 900,000 people took advantage of this law to obtain legal status

Limits on Newcomers:
• Between 1820 and 1979, the United States admitted more than 49 million immigrants
• In 1924, the first laws were passed that set limits on how many people from specific countries would be admitted to the United States
• in 2000, its population included 31.1 million foreign-born persons (that is 11.1 % of the total population.)

Immigration Today:
• Since the Immigration law from 1996 Immigrants and even Tourists have to apply for a “Green Card” or a Visa, dependent of the reason for staying in the US
• Moreover, for a permanent resident status you have to follow some rules before being accepted as a national: ex.
> Every male resident between 17-26 years must be regsitrated at the US Army
• As a
Tourist you aren’t allowed to stay longer than 90 days in the US, otherwise you will be located by authorities and will be send home

○ What’s the difference between Green Card and a Visa ?
> A Visa is temporary limited
> A Green Card is unlimited and allows you to live, to work and to be independent

○ How can i get a Green Card?
> five options:
a) You win in the Green Card Lottery
b) You marry a US resident
c) A parent of you is a US resident
d) You invest 500,000$ into the USA
e) You start with a Visa and after a certain time you can change it into a Green Card
> This is obviously the most proper option

○ The most successful and used Visas:
Business Visa:
• Foreigners working for a foreign
• It’s issued a 6-month stay
• Individuals who enter the United States on Business Visa are normally eligible to change status to permanent resident (Green Card holder) if they’re qualify
• Not allowed to work or receive any kind of payment while staying in the US
> If they wish to work in the United States they must apply for a Work Visa

Work Visa:
• enables professionals in their specific Occupations to make a valuable contribution to the American economy
• Only 65,000 Work Visas are issued every year
• 3-6-year stay

Tourist Visa:
• Foreigners who wish to visit the United States for spare time or tourism
• 90 days
• not allowed to work

Dieses Referat wurde eingesandt vom User: plasticberry

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