Havanna - Introducing a Town - Referat
Hello, today I would like to introduce Havana, the capital city, major port and commercial centre of Cuba. It is one of the 14 Cuban provinces. I have chosen this city, because I was on holiday in Cuba and we visited many sights and attractions there – it was simply interesting. Now I´ll say some facts about the Geography and history of Havana and at the end I would like to take you on a trip to some wonderful sights of the city.
But at first I say something about the Geography. Havana is located in the Caribbean region, exactly in the north-west of the isle of Cuba, as you can see on the map in this position. The nearness to the coast and also to the ocean builds the advantage of location, which is very important for the business situation of the City. Havana extends mostly west- and southward from the coast, so it has an area of 721 km². The importance of the city, which belongs also to the geographic part of my presentation, I would like to structure into two parts: historic importance and importance for business. Havana’s historic importance was certified as the city has been included in the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites in 1982. This happened because the city consists of many baroque and neoclassical monuments. And also the business part mustn’t to be forgotten. Havana is even the largest and most important industrial location of Cuba. For example the metal, machine and chemical industries are grown there. But first of all the production of spirituous beverages, and tobacco products is the major industry. I think you know the great Havana Club Rum and the Havana Cigars, too. Altogether Havana is the most important city of the republic of Cuba, what is also a reason that the city is the capital of Cuba. Now I would like to say something about the inhabitants of Havana. Some facts are the number of inhabitants with 2,141,993 People and the density of population with 2,970 People per km². Now I`ll show you a graph about the development of population in Havana. The graph shows that the population of Havana grew in the last ten years from 2129870 to 2141993 people. That’s an increase of 12123 people in these years with tendency to rise. I think that’s because there are more and more jobs in this big city than on the land and so it is better to live there. A reason for the jobs in the city is the tourism, which is the tallest part of the business of Cuba. Havana is a tourism city and so there are needed more people in this field. Compared to other states it is definitely the same, because it’s the trend to live in the big cities and to move there from the land. As I was there on holiday, I sense the people there as very friendly, helpful, but also a bit slow and calm. The mentality of the people there is very different to our one. For example, the men in Cuba can marry up to 9 wives and it isn´t a problem for these women, quite the contrary; it’s the normal life there. For Cubans it is not important to own something, they are satisfied with old and used things, too, which is another difference to our life.
My next part is the history of Havana. The city was founded in 1515 by Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar. The foundation was near the today city Batabano at the other side of the isle. You can see the location here on the map. In 1519 Havana’s position was changed to the today’s location. Between 1538 and 1555 the city has to deal with many pirate’s attacks. The pirates were attracted by the Spanish ships, which came to Cuba. Until 1902 Cuba was a Spanish colony and in 1607 Havana became its capital. Great Britain captured the city during the Seven Year`s War. But in 1763 the city got under the possession of Spain again. Until 1901 Cuba is independent and Havana is the capital city of this communistic state.
Now I would like to take you on a trip to the sights of the wonderful city of Havana. A must-see attraction there is the Revolution Square, which reminds of the Cuban Revolution. Next to the Square is the José Martí Memorial, a 142 metres high statue, which you can see here. Another attraction in Havana is the Rum Museum. It was built by the Havana Club Company and informs about the production of the spirit. If you are on holiday in Havana, you can’t leave out a visit in the “Real Fabrica de Tabacos”, where the famous Havana Cigars were manufactured. The port, the Cristo de La Habanna and the Plaza Vieja are other important landmarks. But I think one important sight is missing. Right, “El Capitolio Nacional”, the Cuban Capitol. It is a neoclassical building and was completed in 1929. The Capitol was the seat of government in Cuba after the Cuban Revolution in 1959 and is now the home to the Cuban Academy of Sciences. It is right that it looks similar to the United States Capitol in Washington D.C. – but it’s a bit taller, to show the USA the power of Cuba. In the History of Cuba there were lots of problems between Cuba and the USA. The building is 92 metres high and was the highest point of Havana until 1950.
That was my introduction of Havana. I hope you enjoy it. I can really recommend you a trip there, cause of the many interesting sights and attractions there. Do you have any questions?
*Notice: Powerpoint mit Bildern, Erklärungen, Artwork beachten!*
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