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Greece - Referat

Greece is an important and well-known holiday place, that is why we want to tell you some interesting facts about that country today.


Greece has 10.5 Million inhabitants; from it live only 3.8 Million people in the Greater Athens area. Around 78 persons live on one square kilometre.
97% of the inhabitants are Greeks; the remaining 3% are Turks and other little minority.
More than 4 Million Greeks stay in other countries, under it over 2 Million persons in the USA.
The share between women and men is nearly balanced; there live 1.6% more women.
Most of the people are Greek-orthodox; there are also Moslems, Catholics, Protestants and few Jewish people.

The major language is Greek. For 3 500 it was the oldest language of Europe. In every other European language are a few words of the Greeks.


Greece is 132 000 km2 big, 25 000 km2 are the islands. Greece is one and a half time so big than Austria. There are 2000 islands, but only 200 of them are inhabited.
Two thirds of the area of Greece are mountainous, but the highest mountain is the Olymp with his proud 2 917 metres.
There are very few lakes and rivers, but the most of them are in Northern- Greece. The length of the coast is about 15 000 km.

Greece is dividing in 13 provinces.
The biggest is Macedonian with over 2 million inhabitants.

Islands & cities:

Greece has more than 3.000 islands, of which 227 are inhabited. Only 78 islands have more than 100 people.
One of them is Thassos!

Thassos is also called the green island of Greece and is very mountainous.
It is an island in the northern Aegean Sea, close to the coast of Thrace and the river Nestos.
The population amount to 15.000 people of an area of 380 km².
The highest mountain of Thassos is the Ipsario, at 1,200 m.
The main agricultural productions on the island are honey and olive oil as well as wine, sheep, goat herding and fishing.
The island is world-famous because of the beautiful and clean beaches, that is one of many grounds to spend your holidays there.

Athens is the largest city and capital of Greece, located in the Attica periphery of central Greece. Named after goddess Athena, Athens is one of the oldest cities in the world with a recorded history of at least 3,000 years.
Today, the Greek capital is Europe's 8th largest conurbation, with all together a population of 3.7 million people. The Athens area is the centre of economic, financial, industrial, political and cultural life in Greece. The city is also becoming a leading business centre in the European Union. The city has a land area of 39 km² while the city plus the outskirt of Athens spans 412 km².
Athens was also the birthplace of Socrates and many other prominent philosophers, politicians and writers of the ancient world.
And Athens was the host city of the first modern-day Olympic Games in 1896 and in 2004.


Greece has a Mediterranean climate with plenty of sunshine, mild
temperatures and
a limited amount of rainfall.
In summer, the dry hot days are cooled by seasonal winds called the
meltemi, while mountainous regions have generally lower temperatures.
The winters are mild in lowland areas, with a minimum amount of snow and ice, yet, mountains are usually snow-covered.


Actually the visitors are more than the people who live in Greece.
Every year million of tourists choose Greece as their destination, because of the beautiful beaches, sun, fun, sights, amazing county sides, and much more.


In May 1923 Dionyssios Solomos wrote the „Hymn on the freedom“, which exist out of 158 verses and which should become the Greek national hymn.
Now listen to the hymn!

If you visit a restaurant in Greece, you can be sure, that you won’t be hungry, when you leave! Before you get your meal, you get a plate full of exotic fruits, so you have to be careful, that you aren’t full, before you get the real meal, which you pay.
When you have finished with eating, you get a uso- that’s digestion-
schnapps. Some Greece specialities are

salata choriatiki Farmer- salad
feta Sheep- cheese
skordalia Garlic- cream
bifteki barbecue
pastitio nudle- soufflé
souflaki special greek meat spit
soupa soup
psari fish
kalamarakia squid
baklawa Special greek nut- cake
loukoumades Honey-balls
pagota Ice- cream
jaourti me meli Yoghurt with honey
bira beer
uso Digestion- schnapps
retsina Spezial greek wine

The most of the antique buildings were construct in honour of the different gods. The home from the gods was the biggest mountain of Greece, the Olymp.

 The most famous and powerful god is Zeus; he is also called god-father Zeus. This god governed the sky and the earth.

 His wife and sister was Hera; she sheltered the marriage and the birth. Hera played an important role in legend and myth.

 Aphrodite was the goddess of love and beauty. She enjoyed of Cyprus and other islands a special admiration.

 One of many sons and daughters from Zeus is Hermes; he was the very important and known god-messenger, Hermes was also protector of the tourists, the thiefes and businessmen.


She is one of the most famous sights of Greece and UNESCO distinguished it as a world- culture- heritage in 1986. Acropolis rises up on a 156 metres high rock over the roofs from Athens.
It was built in the fifth century before Christ, after the original acropolis had been destroyed.
It has a hall with three wings, and six columns.

Embros Term in Kos
The Embros term is on the island Kos and 9 km far away from the city Kos.
The term exists out of an 80 degree hot spring, which come from the mountains.
There is very much sulphur in the water.
It is prove that the water can help people with skin illnesses, breath-way -- and muscle sicknesses.

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