Geschichte Englands - Referat
The Romans invaded England in 43 AD. They built a settlement they called Londinium at the river Thames. The Romans soon built a port and Londinium became the capital of Roman Britain. At this time between 12.000 and 20.000 people lived there. The Romans ruled Britain until 410.
London under the Angelo-Saxons and the Vikings
Later, in the 5th century, Germanic people called the Anglo-Saxons came to Britain. In the 9th century the Danish Vikings arrived. They burnt big parts of London. A Saxon King named Alfred the Great bet the Vikings in 878. Dividing Britain, the Anglo Saxons took the South and the West and the Vikings took the East of Britain including London. After a while Alfred’s men took London.
London in the Middle Ages
In 1066 the Normans invaded from France. William I took control when they defeated the Anglo-Saxons. While he began to build the Tower of London, the city grew up. Because there was not enough place within the Roman walls for so many people, London moved to a crowded and smelly city.
There were about 200,000 people living in London by 1600. But still big parts of London were fields. The Tudor Kings created a big part of the modern London when they built palaces and deer parks. In this time many big Theatres where built, one of those, The Globe, the most famous one in England. In The Globe Shakespeare’s plays were performed.
The river Thames played a big role in economy because used this ship route to explore the world.
The first Stuart king was King James I. In 1603, Gay Fawkes and a group of men tried to blow up the king and the Houses of Parliament. But they were arrested. After a civil war in 1642 the king Charles II was beheaded and Britain became a Republic. But in 1660 it became a monarchy again.
The great fire of London broke out in 1666 in a bakery in Pudding Lane. It took more than ten years to rebuild the city.
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