George Orwell the novelist - Referat
Birth Date: June 25, 1903
Death Date: January 21, 1950
Place of Birth: Motihari, India
Place of Death: London, England
Occupations: writer, novelist, essayist
Eric Arthur Blair, called George Orwell was born in 1903 in India, where his father worked for the Civil Service,he was a civil servant for the British government . In 1904 Orwell moved with his mother and his older sister Marjorie to England where he lived until 1922. He began to write at an early age, and was even published in college periodicals, but he did not enjoy school. In 1917 Orwell entered Eton, where he contributed regularly to the various college magazines. From 1922 to 1927 he served with the Indian Imperial Police in Burma. Several years of poverty followed. In 1928, Blair moved to Paris to become a writer, where he again lived among the poor, and was eventually forced to abandon his writing temporarily and became a dishwasher.
He returned to England the following year (1929), and lived as a tramp before finding work as a teacher at a private school. Starting in 1930 Orwell became a regular contributor to the New Adelphi, and in 1933 he assumed the name "George Orwell" by which he would become famous. For his first novel he used his recent experience with poverty as inspiration and wrote Down and Out in Paris and London (1933). While teaching at a private school he published his second major work, Burmese Days (1934). Two years later Orwell married Eileen O'Shaugnessy.
The publication of this first work, which was an account of his years living among the poor of Paris and London, marks the beginning of a more stable period for Orwell, in which he taught, opened a bookshop, and continued to write. At the end of 1936 Orwell went to Spain to fight for the Republicans and he was wounded is his account of the civil war. He was admitted to a sanatorium in 1938 and from then on he was never fully fit. He spent six months in Morocco and there he wrote Coming Up for Air. During the second World War Orwell served as a sergeant in the Home Guard and also worked as a journalist for the BBC, Observer and Tribune, where he was literary editor from 1943 to 1945. It was toward the end of the war that he wrote Animal Farm, and when it was over he moved to Scotland. It was Animal Farm that made finally Orwell prosperous. His other world wide success was Nineteen Eighty-Four, which Orwell said was written "to alter other people's idea of the kind of society they should strive after." Sadly Orwell never lived to see how successful it would become.
Eileen O'Shaugnessy, Orwell's wife died in 1945 and in 1949 he remarried to a woman named Sonia Browell. Orwell's second marriage was short-lived however, as he died from tuberculosis in London on January 21, 1950.
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