Fiesta - Referat
by Ernest Hemingway
Ernest Miller Hemingway was born on the 21th of July in 1899 in Oak Park/Illinois and died on the 2nd of July in 1961 in Ketchum/Idaho. His father, Clarence Edmonds Hemingway, was a physician and his mother was a singer.
After graduating from high school, Ernest went to Kansas City and worked there as a reporter for The Kansas City Star. In 1918, he began service as an ambulance driver for the Italian army. On July 8 he was wounded. In September 1921 he married Hadley Richardson. After divorcing his first wife in 1927, later that year Hemingway married Pauline Pfeiffer. Hemingway had three sons. One by Hadley and two by Pfeiffer. In 1928 his father committed suizide. In 1943 he divorced Pfeiffer and married Martha Gellhorn. He divorced his third wife Martha to marry his fourth, Mary Welsh.
In 1953, he won the Pulitzer Prize for fiction and in 1954, he was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature for his novel ďThe Old Man and the SeaĒ.
In July 1961 he committed suizide.
He was one of the most important writers in the 20th century.
Some other novels by Hemingway:
The Old Man and the Sea
A Farewell to Arms
For Whom the Bell Tolls
A Moveable Feast
Jakob Barnes: He is the main character of the novel. He works for a newspaper. In the first Worl War he was wounded and now he is impotent. Thatís the reason why Brett doesnít want a relationship to him.
Robert Cohn: Robert and Jake were together at Princeton. He is member of one of the richest Jewish families in New York. Jake descibes him as a very shy, friendly and nice person. At Princeton he was middleweight boxing champion. After school he married the first girl who was nice to him. They had three children and he lost most of his money. After five years his wife left him. Heís also in love with Brett.
Lady Brett Ashley: She is also one of the main characters. She is a very beautiful woman at the age of thirty four. She is the girlfiend of Mike Campbell.
Mike Campbell: He is a nice man but he cannot control himself when he gets drunk. He is Brettís boyfriend.
Bill Gorton: He is a friend of Jake.
The first part of the novel takes place in Paris. There the characters have their work and they live there. They donít realy know what to do with their freetime. So they enjoy their lives with partyís and alcohol.
After the half of the book the scene changes to a little village, called Pamplona, in Spain. There the Fiesta is going on. This is a very big event. People from all over the world come to see this spectacle. There are every day bullfights and in the evening nearly everybody is drunk. They celebrate all the time.
The Plot starts in Paris where the main characters spend their time with parties, wine, tennis, girls and so on. They donít know what to do with their time. One day they decides to go to Spain, to Pamplona, where the Fiesta will start. Itís a great spectacle. There are dancers, singers everywhere and the highlights are the bullfights. The star of the fiesta is Pedro Romero, a very young man. Brett falls in love with him when she sees him the first time. They all have a nice time with the bullfights and drinking a lot of wine. But there are also some troubles when Mike gets drunk. When the Fiesta ends Brett leaves witch Pedro. The other characters also leave village whrer the fiesta took place and go backto Paris or anywhere else. At the ending of the novel Jake gets a message that that Brett has left Pedro because he is to young and she could ruin his live.
The atmosphere in Paris is okay. They enjoy theit time but ther are no highlights. They do every day the same boring things. They go to work and in the evening to parties.
But then they decide to go to Spain. At first, when Jake and Robert go fishing, there is not so much atmosphere because there are only this two characters and nobody else. But you know that the atmosphere has changed. They can leave their daily, sad work behinde them. And later when they go to Pamplona where the Fiesta starts, there the amosphere gets a highest point. There are so many people from all over the world. There are dancers and singers in every street. All people are very friendly and polite. And the highlights are the bullfights. When you read the book, you know that Hemingway is a fan of bullfights. He describes the atmosphere and all around so good, that you can imagine how a bullfight is, without seeing it.
Tansion between the characters:
At the beginning in Paris there are nearly no bad tension between the characters. They have a lot of fun. But during the fiesta there are some tensions between a few characters. When Mike gets drunk he shouts at Robert and tells him that nobody wants him and he should leave the fiesta and Spain.
One time Cohn calls Jake a pimp. So it comes to a fight. But Jake has no chance against a former boxing champion and so Cohn knocks him down. And also Mike who wants to help Jake. And later he goes to Pedro and knocks him also down because he is the new love of Brett.
But when the fiesta ends there are no longer tensions between the characters.
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