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English Interpretation of Genesis 1,26 - Referat

Genesis 1,26

And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.

1. Interpretation

Make man in our image
Man. Genesis 1:26,27, gives the general, Genesis 2:7,21-23 the particular account of the creation of man. The revealed facts are:
(1) Man was created not evolved. This is
(a) expressly declared, and the declaration is confirmed by Christ Matthew 19:14; Mark 10:6,
(b) "an enormous gulf, a divergence practically infinite" (Huxley) between the lowest man and the highest beast, confirms it;
(c) the highest beast has no trace of God-consciousness--the religious nature;
(d) science and discovery have done nothing to bridge that "gulf."
(2) That man was made in the "image and likeness" of God. This image is found chiefly in man's tri-unity, and in his moral nature. Man is "spirit and soul and body" 1 Thessalonians 5:23.
"Spirit" is that part of man which "knows" 1 Corinthians 2:11 and which allies him to the spiritual creation and gives him God-consciousness. "Soul" in itself implies self-consciousness life, as distinguished from plants, which have unconscious life. In that sense animals also have "soul" Genesis 1:24. But the "soul" of man has a vaster content than "soul" as applied to beast life. It is the seat of emotions, desires, affections Psalms 42:1-6. The "heart" is, in Scripture usage, nearly synonymous with "soul." Because the natural man is, characteristically, the soulual or physical man, "soul" is often used as synonymous with the individual, e.g. Genesis 12:5. The body, separable from spirit and soul, and susceptible to death, is nevertheless an integral part of man, as the resurrection shows ; John 5:28,29; 1 Corinthians 15:47-50; Revelation 20:11-13. It is the seat of the senses (the means by which the spirit and soul have world-consciousness) and of the fallen Adamic nature. Romans 7:23,24.

2. Interpretation

red, a Babylonian word, the generic name for man, having the same meaning in the Hebrew and the Assyrian languages. It was the name given to the first man, whose creation, fall, and subsequent history and that of his descendants are detailed in the first book of Moses (Gen (Genesis 5). "God created man [Heb., Adam] in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them."
"In the beginning" God created, i.e., called into being, all things out of nothing. This creative act on the part of God was absolutely free, and for infinitely wise reasons. The cause of all things exists only in the will of God. The work of creation is attributed (1) to the Godhead (Genesis 1:1,26); (2) to the Father (1 Corinthians 8:6); (3) to the Son (John 1:3; Colossians 1:16,17); (4) to the Holy Spirit (Genesis 1:2; Job 26:13; Psalms 104:30). The fact that he is the Creator distinguishes Jehovah as the true God (Isaiah 37:16; 40:12,13; 54:5; Psalms 96:5; Jeremiah 10:11,12). The one great end in the work of creation is the manifestation of the glory of the Creator (Colossians 1:16; Revelation 4:11; Romans 11:36). God's works, equally with God's word, are a revelation from him; and between the teachings of the one and those of the other, when rightly understood, there can be no contradiction.
• Heb. 'Adam, used as the proper name of the first man. The name is derived from a word meaning "to be red," and thus the first man was called Adam because he was formed from the red earth. It is also the generic name of the human race (Genesis 1:26,27; 5:2; 8:21; Deuteronomy 8:3). Its equivalents are the Latin homo and the Greek anthropos (Matthew 5:13,16). It denotes also man in opposition to woman (Genesis 3:12; Matthew 19:10).
• Heb. 'ish, like the Latin vir and Greek aner, denotes properly a man in opposition to a woman (1 Samuel 17:33; Matthew 14:21); a husband (Genesis 3:16; Hosea 2:16); man with reference to excellent mental qualities.
• Heb. 'enosh, man as mortal, transient, perishable (2 Chronicles 14:11; Isaiah 8:1; Job 15:14; Psalms 8:4; 9:19,20; 103:15). It is applied to women (Joshua 8:25).
• Heb. geber, man with reference to his strength, as distinguished from women (Deuteronomy 22:5) and from children (Exodus 12:37); a husband (Proverbs 6:34).
• Heb. methim, men as mortal (Isaiah 41:14), and as opposed to women and children (Deuteronomy 3:6; Job 11:3; Isaiah 3:25).
Man was created by the immediate hand of God, and is generically different from all other creatures (Genesis 1:26,27; 2:7). His complex nature is composed of two elements, two distinct substances, viz., body and soul (Genesis 2:7; Eccl 12:7; 2co 5:1-8).
The words translated "spirit" and "soul," in 1 Thessalonians 5:23, Hebrews 4:12, are habitually used interchangeably (Matthew 10:28; 16:26; 1 Peter 1:22). The "spirit" (Gr. pneuma) is the soul as rational; the "soul" (Gr. psuche) is the same, considered as the animating and vital principle of the body.
Man was created in the likeness of God as to the perfection of his nature, in knowledge (Colossians 3:10), righteousness, and holiness (Ephesians 4:24), and as having dominion over all the inferior creatures (Genesis 1:28). He had in his
original state God's law written on his heart, and had power to obey it, and yet was capable of disobeying, being left to the freedom of his own will. He was created with holy dispositions, prompting him to holy actions; but he was fallible, and did fall from his integrity (3:1-6). (See FALL .)

3. Interpretation

• Made for God
Proverbs 16:4; Revelation 4:11
• God’s purpose in creation completed by making
Genesis 2:5,7
• Cannot profit God
Job 22:2; Psalms 16:2
• Unworthy of God’s favour
Job 7:17; Psalms 8:4
o By God
Genesis 1:27; Isaiah 45:12
o By Christ
John 1:3; Colossians 1:16
o By the Holy Spirit
Job 33:4
o After consultation, by the Trinity
Genesis 1:26
o On the sixth day
Genesis 1:31
o Upon the earth
Deuteronomy 4:32; Job 20:4
o From the dust
Genesis 2:7; Job 33:6
o In the image of God
Genesis 1:26,27; 1 Corinthians 11:7
o After the likeness of God
Genesis 1:26; James 3:9
o Male and female
Genesis 1:27; 5:2
o A living soul
Genesis 2:7; 1 Corinthians 15:45
o In uprightness
Ecclesiastes 7:29
o In knowledge (inferred)
Colossians 3:10
o Under obligations to obedience
Genesis 2:16,17
o A type of Christ
Romans 5:14
• Approved of by God
Genesis 1:31
• Blessed by God
Genesis 1:28; 5:2
• Placed in the garden of Eden
Genesis 2:15
• Every herb and tree given to, for food
Genesis 1:29
• Allowed to eat flesh after the flood
Genesis 9:3
• Not good for, to be alone
Genesis 2:18
• Woman formed to be a help for
Genesis 2:20-25
o A Body
Matthew 6:25
o A soul
Luke 12:20; Acts 14:22; 1 Peter 4:19
o A spirit
Proverbs 18:14; 20:17; 1 Corinthians 2:11
o Understanding
Ephesians 1:18; 4:18
o Will
1 Corinthians 9:17; 2 Peter 1:21
o Affections
1 Chronicles 29:3; Colossians 3:2
o Conscience
Romans 2:15; 1 Timothy 4:2
o Memory
Genesis 41:9; 1 Corinthians 15:2
• Made by God in his successive generations
Job 10:8-11; 31:15
• Fearfully and wonderfully made
Psalms 139:14
• Of every nation, made of one blood
Acts 17:26
• Quickened by the breath of God
Genesis 2:7; 7:22; Job 33:4
• Made wise by the inspiration of the Almighty
Job 32:8,9
• Inferior to angels
Psalms 8:5; Hebrews 2:7
• Is of the earth earthy
1 Corinthians 15:47
• Nature and constitution of, different from other creatures
1 Corinthians 15:39
• More valuable than other creatures
Matthew 6:26; 10:31; 12:12
• Wiser than other creatures
Job 35:11
• Received dominion over other creatures
Genesis 1:28; Psalms 8:6-8
• Gave names to other creatures
Genesis 2:19,20
• Intellect of, matured by age
1 Corinthians 13:11
o Grass
Isaiah 40:6-8; 1 Peter 1:24
o Clay in the potter’s hand
Isaiah 64:8; Jeremiah 18:2,6
o Vanity
Psalms 144:4
o A sleep
Psalms 90:5
o A wild ass’s colt
Job 11:12
• Originally naked and not ashamed
Genesis 2:25
• Disobeyed God by eating part of the forbidden fruit
Genesis 3:1-12
• Filled with shame after the fall
Genesis 3:10
• Covered himself with fig leaves
Genesis 3:7
• Clothed by God with skins
Genesis 3:21
• Punished for disobedience
Genesis 3:16-19
• Banished from paradise
Genesis 3:23,24
• Involved posterity in his ruin
Romans 5:12-19
• Has sought out many inventions
Ecclesiastes 7:29
• Born in sin
Psalms 51:5
• Born to trouble
Job 5:7
• Has an appointed time on the earth
Job 7:1
• Days of, compared to a shadow
1 Chronicles 29:15
• Days of, as the days of a hireling
Job 7:1
• Has but few days
Job 14:1
• Ordinary limit of his life
Psalms 90:10
• Ignorant of what is good for him
Ecclesiastes 10:2
• Ignorant of what is to come after him
Ecclesiastes 10:14
• Not profited by all his labour and travail
Ecclesiastes 2:22; 6:12
• Cannot direct his ways
Jeremiah 10:23; Proverbs 20:24
• Walks in a vain show
Psalms 39:6
o Instructs
Psalms 94:10
o Orders the goings of
Proverbs 5:21; 20:24
o Prepares the heart of
Proverbs 16:1
o Enables to speak
Proverbs 16:1
o Preserves
Job 7:20; Psalms 36:6
o Provides for
Psalms 145:15,16
o Destroys the hopes of
Job 14:19
o Makes the wrath of, to praise him
Psalms 76:10
o Makes his beauty consume away
Psalms 39:11
o Turns to destruction
Psalms 90:3
• Cannot be just with God
Job 9:2; 25:4; Psalms 143:2; Romans 3:20
• Cannot cleanse himself
Job 15:14; Jeremiah 2:22
• All the ways of, clean in his own eyes
Proverbs 16:2
• Shall be recompensed according to his works
Psalms 62:12; Romans 2:6
• Cannot retain his spirit from death
Ecclesiastes 8:8
• Would give all his possessions for the preservation of life
Job 2:4
• Able to sustain bodily affliction
Proverbs 18:14
• Sinks under trouble of mind
Proverbs 18:14
• No trust to be placed in
Psalms 118:8; Isaiah 2:22
• The help of, vain
Psalms 60:11
• The whole duty of
Ecclesiastes 12:13

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