Cancer - Referat
Cancer is a scary word. Almost everyone knows someone who got very sick or died from cancer. Most of the time, cancer affects older people. Not many kids get cancer, but when they do, very often it can be treated and cured.
What Is Cancer?
Cancer is actually a group of many related diseases that all have to do with cells. Cells are the very small units that make up all living things, including the human body. There are billions of cells in each person's body.
Cancer happens when cells that are not normal grow and spread very fast. Normal body cells grow and divide and know to stop growing. Over time, they also die. Unlike these normal cells, cancer cells just continue to grow and divide out of control and don't die when they're supposed to.
Cancer cells usually group or clump together to form tumors (say: TOO-mers). A growing tumor becomes a lump of cancer cells that can destroy the normal cells around the tumor and damage the body's healthy tissues. This can make someone very sick.
Sometimes cancer cells break away from the original tumor and travel to other areas of the body, where they keep growing and can go on to form new tumors. This is how cancer spreads. The spread of a tumor to a new place in the body is called metastasis (say: meh-TASS-tuh-sis).
Causes of Cancer
You probably know a kid who had chickenpox — maybe even you. But you probably don't know any kids who've had cancer. If you packed a large football stadium with kids, probably only one child in that stadium would have cancer.
Doctors aren't sure why some people get cancer and others don't. They do know that cancer is not contagious. You can't catch it from someone else who has it — cancer isn't caused by germs, like colds or the flu are. So, don't be afraid of other kids — or anyone else — with cancer. You can talk to, play with, and hug someone with cancer..
Treating Cancer Carefully
Cancer is treated with surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation — or sometimes a combination of these treatments. The choice of treatment depends on:
• the type of cancer someone has (the kind of abnormal cells causing the cancer)
• the stage of the tumor (meaning how much the cancer has spread within the body, if at all)
I have chosen the topic cancer, because I have a personal experience with it, but I will tell it afterwards.
First of all, it is terribly that one in four deaths due in cancer. In the lines before you have read that mostly elder people fall ill on cancer. In my opinion the reason lies in the fact of our lifestyle. In the past the people have not suffered so much from cancer. Maybe the reason is that nowadays the young people smoke too much and drink a lot of alcohol, so this could affect their health and later they are not as fit as they could be.
I also want to say that I am very proud of our system of health, because there are a lot of good medicines and therapies to help people who suffer from cancer or other illnesses.
So now I will tell you my personal experience with cancer. For four years my mother suffered from thyroid cancer. Everything began with a normal examination, the doctor said there is a node in her neck. So, she went to the hospital to operate the node. By the first operation they removed only a part of her sign gland. Furthermore, the labor said the cancer is evil. So, they operate my mother a second time do remove the whole sign gland. Afterwards she had to take an iodine capsule and then she has to stay in hospital for two weeks in a single room without visit, because of the dangerous radiation. Now she had to take pills every morning and have to go twice a year to an examination in hospital.
I am proud of my mother that she has never give up and that she always looked forward positive.
It is very important what you do with your body in young years, because you only live once and everyone should enjoy his/her life.
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