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Canada - 3.Version - Referat

Report: Canada


1.Datas of Canada
2.Eras – Prehistory

Datas of Canada

Oficiallanguage: english, french
Capital: Ottawa
Head of State: Queen Elisabethn II. (Generalgouverneurin Michaëlle Jean)
Head of the goverment: Prime minister Stephen Harper
Area: 9,984,670 km²
Person: 32.976.026 person
Ethnic group 80.0% White/European
(Englisch, French, Shottishsch,
Irish, German, others)
4.0% South Asian
3.9% Chinese
3.8% Aboriginal
3.3% Other Asian
2.5% Black
2.5% Others

Eras – Prehistory

The prehistory period of Canada refers to pre-1492 AD. This is a arbitrary date chosen which reflects the impact of European influence, technology, culture, and settlement on the Americas. This period starts with the arrival of people in the America's and their expansion and development throughout almost every area of Canada. The various different cultures which from the mosaic of cultural development among these different people is represented by the native bands, nations or groups as defined by the navigation bar to the left.

First Peoples
As the people traveled, probably following various herds of animals, across the land bridges of the Alaska-Bering straits route, they slowly began to spread out into the inhabitable areas of Northwestern America. As the earth warmed up, the ice masses melted and receded. This opened up vast new areas for these aboriginal people to exploit and migrate into. As they slowly adapted and moved south and east, they developed intuitive, resourceful solutions to the challenges which faced them in each new and different environment. The North was cold and barren, but could provide a living to the hardy. The West Coast was rich and bountiful with salmon teeming in the rivers and streams and rich lush rainforests. The prairies supported huge herds of buffalo and endless stretches of grasslands. The Canadian shield contained hundreds of thousands of lakes and enough game and wildlife to support the hunter. South central Canada
and the St Lawrence River valley offered forests, food and good land which could produce plentiful crops for those people who solved the mystery of irrigation. The east coast produced endless schools of fish along the Grand Banks and into the streams and lakes of the area. The land became rich and productive and the people who occupied it became diverse, different and culturally unique.


Canadian War Museum
The Canadian Museum of Civilization in Hull, across the river from the Parliament Buildings, is one of Canada's top museums. Especially noteworthy are its exhibits on Aboriginal Peoples, its reconstructions of Canadian life throughout history, and its IMAX/OmniMax cinema. The museum was designed by Alberta architect Douglas Cardinal, whose buildings are noted for their flowing curves and few straight lines.

Royal Ontario Museum
The museum was founded on the 16th April, 1912 by the Canadian province Ontario and was opened on the 19th March, 1914. There lies beside the queen 's park and the University of Toronto. In the Royal Ontario Museum are collection from Dinosour, history an cultural of Ägypten, South America, Africa, Ostasian und Europa. All together the museum owns more than six millions single exhibits and is with it one of the biggest museums of North America.

Alberta Railway Museum
The Alberta Railway Museum (ARM) located in Edmonton, Alberta the Alberta Railway Museum houses a collection of railway equipment and buildings. It has locomotives from both the Canadian National Railways (CNR) and Northern Alberta Railways (NAR).
In the Alberta Railway Museum are the oldest locomotives.

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