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Buckingham Palace - 2.Version - Referat

Buckingham Palace

1. Use
Buckingham Palace is the official residence of the British monarch in London. The palace is located in the district City of Westminster. Beside the home of Queen Elizabeth II., Prince Philip and the British royal family the building is also the home and employment of nearly 600 attendants. The palace serves state occasions like the welcome of foreign heads of states. At last Buckingham Palace is a big attraction for tourists.

2. History
The history of Buckingham Palace began in year 1703 when John Sheffield the Duke of Buckingham and Normanby let build a big townhouse. 1761 King George III. bought the house to use it as a residence. Within the next 75 years the house was extended by the architects John Nash and Edward Blore bit by bit to a palace. When Queen Victoria mounted the throne in 1837, the palace became the official residence of the British monarchs. She was the first occupant of the ready built palace. Queen Victoria let extend the palace with an east wing with a lot of new rooms like the 40 metres long ballroom. In 1911 Aston Webb created the Queen Victoria Memorial which is in front of the Palace and was dedicated in honour of the governing Queen Victoria. The frontage of the palace which the people can see today was built in year 1913 by Sir Aston Webb, too. He was one of the most successful architects of the early 19th Century.

3. Tourism
Since 1993 itīs possible to visit Buckingham Palace as a tourist. You can visit the Queenīs Gallery which is opened the whole year. There are paintings displayed for example from Tizian, Peter Paul Rubens and Rembrandt van Rijn. Very interesting are the big rooms where you see displays about the jewellery and the charming dresses of the queen. There are also gifts and souvenirs which Queen Elizabeth II. brought along from journeys to countries like Australia, Canada and New-Zealand, where she also is the head of state. Some rooms can only be visited in summer, when the royal family isnīt in the palace. When the queen is at home the British flag is hoisted up on the roof of the building. Two of these rooms are the throne room and the dining hall. Every morning at 11:30 the New Guard substitute the Old Guard. They march in the yard of the palace and the ceremony is accompanied by a marching band. This event is very attractive for tourists, too. I visited Buckingham Palace, too in 2009 and I was very impressed about the huge building and amazed about the guards who have very strict rules, for example not smiling.

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