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Australian History - Referat

Australian History
1.European settlement
1. Australias settlers were ancestors of today`s Aboriginies
they reached the continent at least 40.000 years ago
European discovered it much later
In 1606 Willem Jansz becomes first known European to land in Australia
He thaught it was New Guinea, but it was coast of extreme northeastern Australia
Between 1616 and 1636 other Dutch navigators explored australias west, southwest and northwest coasts
In 1642 and 1643 Abel Janszoon Tasman a dutch sea captain sailed around the continent and visited a land which was a part of the continent, it was an island later it named Tasmania
In 1770 James cook explores the east coast of Australia, he called the place he found Botany Bay because there were so many beautiful flowers there
He was captain of the British Royal Navy
He claimed the region for GB and named it New South Wales
2. Convicts
In 1786 the British decided to start a prison colony in New South Wales
The gouvernor was Captain Arthur Phillip
He came 1787 with 730 convicts
During the 19th century unemployment, poverty and crime started
Families lived in dark, unhealthy homes
Children often died of illnesses or they must hard work and had little to eat
Many people stole what they needed
The prisons got fuller, the judges became stricter and more cruel
Men and women were hanged for stealing sheep or bread, or there were sent to work in one of the prison colonies in North America
3. Gold diggers
In 1851 gold was discovered in New South Wales and Victoria
Every day came more diggers from America, England and Chinese
They built little cities and villages
With the discovery of Australian gold in the 1850th the continent grew from about 400.000 to 1.1 mio
In 1868 Britain ends transportation of convicts to Australia

4. Australia after the 2. World War
In 1945 Australia becomes member of the united states
Between 1964 and 1972 Australian troops serve with us troops in Vietnam war
In1967 Australian constitution amended to permit the establishment of federal programms to aid the aboriginies
In 1978 the northern territory becomes responsible for its own administration, the first step toward statehood
In 1988 Australia celebrates its bicentennial

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