Suchbegriff:

Aids and HIV - Referat



AIDS
&
HIV

AIDS 2006 is the conference for everyone involved in combatting the HIV/AIDS epidemic -- researchers, healthcare workers, civil society, governments, UN organisations, activists, donors, industry, the media, and people living with HIV/AIDS.

As the world's largest, most comprehensive HIV/AIDS conference, AIDS 2006 is an unparalleled opportunity to expand public awareness of HIV/AIDS, share knowledge and learn from others in the field, and chart a course for a stronger, more effective global response to the pandemic.

The Conference theme is Time to Deliver, reminding us of past and present commitments for action on HIV/AIDS and demanding accountability for those promises at every level of the response.

Your active involvement before, during and after AIDS 2006 is crucial to its success.

Human = transmitted between people
Immunodeficiency = destroys the body’s ability
Virus = a tiny germ or infectious agent passed people

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
The virus that causes Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS). HIV is in the retrovirus family, and two types have been identified: HIV-1 and HIV-2. HIV-1 is responsible for most HIV infections throughout the world, while HIV-2 is found primarily in West Africa.

HIV is only transmitted:
· Quantity: If there is enough HIV in the body fluid
· Quality: IF the HIV is still infectious
· Route: IF there is a way for it to get into the body

HIV is likely to be found in blood, semen, vaginal fluid and breast milk.

The most important ways in which HIV is transmitted are sexual intercourse without a condom between a person with HIV and a person withough HIV and introducation of blood containig HIV into the body via needled or syringes containing blood that have been used in hospitals or inject drugs and blood transfusion which has not been screened for HIV. IT can also transmitted from mother to child during pregnany, childbirth or breastfeeding.

Stages of HIV infection
1. HIV antibody positiv – newly infected
2. Asymptomatic HIV infection
3. Symptomatic HIV infection
4. AIDS diagnosis

Acquired = caught from others, not inborn
Immune Deficiency = lacking the ability to fight disease
Syndrome = a collection of illnesses that suggest an underlying cause

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
A disease of the body's immune system caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). AIDS is characterized by the death of CD4 cells (an important part of the body's immune system), which leaves the body vulnerable to life-threatening conditions such as infections and cancers.

AIDS-Defining Condition
Any of a list of illnesses that, when occurring in an HIV-infected person, leads to a diagnosis of AIDS, the most serious stage of HIV infection. AIDS is also diagnosed if an HIV-infected person has a CD4 count below 200 cells/mm3, whether or not that person has an AIDS-defining condition. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) published a list of AIDS-defining conditions in 1993. The 26 conditions include candidiasis, cytomegalovirus disease, Kaposi's sarcoma, mycobacterium avium complex, pneumocystis carinii pneumonia, recurrent pneumonia, progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy, pulmonary tuberculosis, invasive cervical cancer, and wasting syndrome.

What is AIDS?
HIV is the tiny virus that is trasmitted. In most cases it goes on to cause illness. Aids is the collection of illnesses people develop. You can have HIV without having AIDS. Many people with HIV look, and are, fir and healthy. You can’T have AIDS withought having caught HIV. People talk about ‘HIV/AIDS’ as if they were the same thing. They are not. Infection with HIV means you might get ill. Having AIDS generally means you are ill.

AIDS is a great plague upon all humanity that has alread claimed the lives of more than 23 million men, woman and children worldwide. With an estimated 38 million people throughout the globe currently living with HIV all current predictions tell us
that this is just the beginning of this epedemic.

Here are some of the alarming facts of this tragedy:
o 3.1 million people lost their lives in 2005.
o 4.9 million people were newly infected with HIV 2005.
o 40.3 million people around the world are living with AIDS/HIV in 2005.
o Approximately 11 of every 1,000 adults (ages 15 to 49) are HIV infected.
o 25 million children will be orphans by 2010 because of AIDS.
o Over 27 million people have died since the first AIDS case was identified in 1980.
The World Aids Campaign advocates for the fulfilment of the UN Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS and subsequent policy commitments on AIDS under the theme "Stop AIDS. Keep the Promise."
The Campaign aims to hold the world community accountable to the commitments they make, while at the same time highlighting the Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS as an important tool for ensuring a comprehensive response to the epidemic.
The World AIDS Campaign also aims to ensure individuals are actively engaged in the response under the theme "Stop AIDS. Make the Promise."
Since the 80s researcher do researches and hope to display a vaccine against the virus. But until now the chances for healing aids stand bad. The reason is the changeableness of the virus. A vaccine for the production of antibody against the surface of the virus fails because the surface changes while the mutations of the virus. Still there are a large number of vaccines in development. But a vaccine will not prevent the infection of HIV. Probably people who got inoculate can be infected but the virus will be softer. At the moment there is a study in hermany but until now nobody knows anything exactly.

What is UNAIDS?
The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, UNAIDS, is the main advocate for accelerated,
comprehensive and coordinated global action on the epidemic.
UNAIDS' mission is to lead, strengthen and support an expanded response to HIV and AIDS that includes preventing transmission of HIV, providing care and support to those already living with the virus, reducing the vulnerability of individuals and communities to HIV and alleviating the impact of the epidemic.
UNAIDS: An exceptional response to AIDS
UNAIDS supports a more effective, comprehensive and coordinated global response to AIDS by providing:
· Leadership and advocacy for effective action on the epidemic
· Strategic information and technical support to guide efforts against AIDS worldwide
· Tracking, monitoring and evaluation of the epidemic and of responses to it
· Civil society engagement and the development of strategic partnerships
Mobilization of resources to support an effective response
The staff of UNAIDS make up the main resource of the Programme and as such the paramount consideration in selecting and appointing staff is required to ensure the highest standards of efficiency, competence and integrity.

UNAIDS also runs an Internship programme, whose objective is to provide an opportunity for university students to acquire a working knowledge of UNAIDS and to be exposed to the work of the Programme.

Ass. Samara 6a

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